Discrepancies in fighting strategies between Taekwondo medalists and non-medalists

J. Hum. Sport Exerc. Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 806-814, 2012.

Authors
Heather Hei Man Kwok

Affiliations
Hong Kong Baptist University, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong.

Abstract
“The aim of this study was to compare the fighting strategies between medalists and non-medalists in Taekwondo. A total of 107 matches from the 16th Asian Games had been video-taped for notational analysis. Round house kick was the most frequently used kick by the medalists in the competition (63.29%) while cut down kick (9.26%) and push kick (7.08%) were ranked second and third respectively. Aggressive mode of attack was the dominant fighting strategy used by the medalists (63.17%). Discrepancies in fighting strategies between Taekwondo medalists and non-medalists were found in this study including mode of attack, use of turning attack, and number of types of kick employed.”

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Chukwumerije Wins Gold at 2014 Belgian Open

 | April 07, 2014

“Team Nigeria taekwondo captain to the 2011 All Africa Games, Uche Perez Chukwumerije has won a gold medal at the 25th Belgian Opens. … The tournament, which is a Grade One World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) competition have athletes from different parts of the world competing to gain points for their world ratings. … To win the gold, Uche defeated Rob Van Der Ploeg of Netherlands 2-1 in a quick opening bout, he overcame Josip Mara of Croatia 14-2 in the semifinals, and completed his fine form by flooring Hicham Massaoudi of Germany 4-1 in a very tactical final. …”

“The current All Africa gold medalist, whose current world ranking as of February 2014, is 33, has earned a valuable 10 points that would impact positively on his world ranking which will be released this week. … He needs to be among the top 31 in the World to be eligible to compete at the Grand Prix Series, an exclusive Tournament series reserved for the World’s top 31 athletes in the eight weight categories. Top six qualifies automatically for the Rio 2016 Olympics. …”

… Read More: http://goo.gl/VskfcV

Iranian taekwondo athletes win German Open

PressTV | April 14, 2014

“The Iranian men’s national taekwondo team has showed an impressive performance in the 2014 Taekwondo German Open, and been crowned the world’s champion. … On Sunday, Iranian taekwondo practitioner Alireza Nasr Azadani overpowered his Spanish opponent in the final match of the minus 74-kilogram weight category to clinch the gold medal. … The 28-year-old athlete had routed rivals from Brazil, the US, Italy and Spain in his march to the final. …”

“… Earlier in the day, Sajjad Mardani overwhelmed his Egyptian competitor in the final competition of the +87-kilogram class and was awarded the gold. … Iranian taekwondo fighter Masoud Hoji Zavareh conceded 5-6 defeat against a contestant from Spain, and collected the bronze medal. … Iran’s Yousef Karami and Mohammad Bagheri Motamed won two gold medals on Saturday. …”

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A regression equation to predict true maximal oxygen consumption of taekwondo athletes using a field test

Saudi Med J. 2005 May;26(5):848-50.

Authors
Cetin C1Karatosun HBaydar MLCosarcan K

Affiliations
1Department of Sports Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Medicine, Isparta 32260, Turkey. [email protected]

Abstract
Objectives
The purpose of the present study was to examine the validity of using a 20 meter multistage shuttle run test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake.

Methods
Twenty-two elite taekwondo athletes (11 male, 11 female, members of the Turkish young national team), participated in the study. The respiratory gas exchange parameters were measured using portable gas analysis system while shuttle run test was carried out. All tests were performed last August 2004, in the gymnasium of Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.

Results
Analysis of the test scores showed a mean score on gas analysis of 51.79 ml/kg/min and a mean score of 43.59 ml/kg/min on the shuttle run test. On average, the scores predicted by the shuttle run test were 16% lower than those for the gas analysis score. The correlation between the tests was significant at a level of r = 0.810.

Conclusions
Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) can be predicted from shuttle run test scores, but not as indicated with the test package. In order to obtain the true score one must apply a regression equation.”

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Injury rates in children participating in taekwondo competition

J Trauma. 1997 Jul;43(1):89-95; discussion 95-6.

Authors
Pieter W1, Zemper ED

Affiliations
1School of Health and Sports Science, University of North London, United Kingdom. [email protected]

Abstract
Objective: To report rates of injuries sustained during Junior taekwondo competitions.

Design: Prospective.

Materials and Methods: Data were collected with simple check-off forms that describe the athlete, nature, site, circumstances, and severity of the injury at three major taekwondo tournaments involving a total of 3,341 boys and 917 girls.

Main Results: No difference was found between boys (58.34/1,000 athlete-exposures) and girls (56.57/1,000 athlete-exposures) in total injury rate (p > 0.05). Collapsed over gender, significant differences (p = 0.013) in injury rates of body parts were found with the lower extremities (21.83/1,000 athlete-exposures) ranked first. Unblocked attacks are the major cause of injury in both boys and girls.

Conclusions: Coaches are advised to work on the blocking skills of their Junior taekwondo athletes. No head contact for children in taekwondo competition should also be considered.”

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Relationship between attack and skipping in Taekwondo contests

J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Jun;25(6):1743-51. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ddfb0f.

Authors
Santos VG1, Franchini E, Lima-Silva AE

Affiliations
1Faculty of Nutrition, Sports Science Research Group, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceio, Brazil.

Abstract
“The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between attack time (AT) and skipping time (ST) during the 2007 Taekwondo World Championship and 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. A total of 22 matches (65 rounds, 13 semifinals, and 8 finals) from the World Championship and 23 matches (63 rounds, 22 rounds with 16 athletes each and 1 quarterfinal round) from the Olympic Games, both in the male category, were assessed using time-motion analysis. The AT was considered as the total time during which the athlete attacked or tried to attack, whereas ST was the total time without attempting to attack. The ratio of AT to ST was ∼ 1:7 based on the data pooled from the 2 competitions. The AT/ST ratio was significantly lower for the World Championship than for the Olympic Games (p ≤ 0.05). In the Olympic Games, no consistent differences across weight divisions were found. However, during the World Championship, the heavier weight divisions (>78 kg) exhibited a lower average AT, lower summed AT, lower attack numbers (ANs)and higher average ST than lighter weight divisions (<58 kg, p ≤ 0.05). For both competitions, the ST was lower, and the ANs and AT/ST ratio were higher in round 3 than in round 1 or 2. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that matches in the Olympic Games were less cadenced than in the World Championship, but that in both competitions, the intensity of the match increased in round 3. Practically, these data suggest that coaches need to structure Taekwondo training sessions in a manner that allows the work/pause ratio to mirror the physical demand imposed during competitions.”

… Read More: http://goo.gl/P0KXh6

Jamaica Tae Kwon Do Trio Qualifies For CAC Games

By Ainsley Walters | The Gleaner, April 11 2014

“A TRIO of Jamaica Taekwondo Federation fighters, led by Craig Brown, has earned qualification to November’s World Taekwondo Federation Caribbean and Central America (CAC) Games in Vera Cruz, Mexico. … Brown won silver in the -87kg middleweight category CAC qualifying final, beaten by a Cuban, at the dual tournament held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, April 2-6. … Jason Grant and Cyriese Hall finished fifth and seventh, respectively, making the cut in their CAC-qualifying weight divisions. … Bruce Rickman, fighting in the -68kg featherweight division, failed to qualify for Mexico…”

“…Whereas none of the Jamaicans medalled in the accompanying April 4-6 First Santo Domingo Open Taekwondo Championships, Jenkins, adjudged the best male referee over five days, explained that the tournament was rated G1 under the new WTF rankings, which started last July. … ‘At the last World Taekwondo Championships, Puebla, Mexico, a points system was implemented to determine world ranking of fighters and points accumulation for the new Grand Prix series, all of which go towards Olympic qualification.’…”

… Read More: http://goo.gl/k1ttfu

Taekwondo: Chukwumerije wins a gold medal at the Belgian Open

By Chris Maduewesi | Nigerian Bulletin | Monday, April 9, 2014

“Nigeria’s Taekwondo athlete,Uche Perez Chukwumerije over the weekend won a gold medal at the Belgian Open championship. … Uche Chukwumerije who is the elder brother of Chika (2008 Olympic bronze medallist) defeated German athlete Hicham Massaoudi 4-1 to win the finals and claim the top prize. … Chika missed the opportunity to participate with his elder brother as he is currently with the National Youth Team to the 2014 Junior World Championships in Chinese Taipei…”

“… Uche Perez is currently ranked 33rd but the win in Belgium has earned him 10 points which is vital in his push to be among the top 31 in his category. … ‘I am happy that I won. This was my first competition since the World Championships last year, so I was a bit nervous. It is very important that I got some world ranking points. It is good for Nigeria and increases our chances for RIO 2016 Olympics. [...]‘ …”

… Read More: http://goo.gl/3A5s1P

Taekwondo – Hall wants British fighters to put things right at Europeans

Yahoo Sports | April 9, 2014

“British Taekwondo performance director Gary Hall insists he hasn’t forgotten about last year’s World Championships after naming a strong squad of 14 for next month’s European equivalent in Baku. … Current world No.1 and Olympic champion Jade Jones and London 2012 bronze medallist Lutalo Muhammad head up the British team to travel to Azerbaijan for the Europeans, which run from May 1 to 4…”

“… Britain won seven medals at the last European Championships in Manchester with Muhammad taking the -87kg title and Jones bronze while another gold-medal winner in Michael Harvey returns. … Harvey, who represented Britain at the Beijing 2008 Olympics, won -63kg gold in Manchester although at last year’s World Championships in Mexico the team failed to pick up a single medal…”

… Read More: http://goo.gl/IOBeA3

Success factors in male WTF taekwondo juniors

Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 2012; 3(1):47-51 ICID: 1047647.

Authors
Jerzy Sadowski1, Dariusz Gierczuk1, Jerzy Miller2, Igor Cieśliński1, Mariusz Buszta1

Affiliations
1 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Poland
2 The State College of Computer Science and Business Administration in Łomża, Poland

Abstract
Introduction.
The aim of the study was to identify selected success factors of elite Olympic taekwondo competitors in the context of medals that they have or have not won during Polish Junior Championships (PJCs).

Material and methods.
Sixty-three elite male taekwondo competitors took part in the study. The competitors were divided into two groups on the basis of their achievements: PJC medallists and non-medallists. Factors determining sports success were modelled with the use of a general linear model (GLM). The procedure lasted until the minimum of the quality criterion, i.e., the Akaike information criterion (AIC), was reached.

Results.
Successful competitors (medallists) demonstrated significantly better conditioning, technique, coordination and structural parameters. Dynamic strength, general endurance, technical skills (e.g., roundhouse kicks), complex reactions and low adiposity levels were the factors that contributed to the achievement of excellent results in taekwondo.

Conclusions.
The research results revealed groups of success factors in taekwondo at a national level. Variables concern- ing coordination factors (complex reaction – 16%) and technical factors (360° dollyo chagi montong – 8.8%) exerted the great- est influence on point scores.”

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